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Journal Article

Citation

Brieger P, Kling Lourenço P, Steinert T, Längle G, Lemke U, Herpertz SC, Croissant D, Becker T, Kilian R. Nervenarzt 2014; 85(5): 606-613.

Vernacular Title

Psychiatrische Unterbringungspraxis : Ein Vergleich von fünf Kliniken in drei Bundesländern.

Affiliation

Bezirkskrankenhaus Kempten, Akademisches Lehrkrankenhaus der Universität Ulm, Freudental 1, 87435, Kempten (Allgäu), Deutschland, peter.brieger@extern.uni-ulm.de.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2013, Springer Science+Business Media)

DOI

10.1007/s00115-013-3865-x

PMID

23979361

Abstract

BACKGROUND: There is considerable variance in involuntary psychiatric hospital admission rates both in Europe and Germany. In a prospective comparison between five hospitals in three German federal states we assessed and analyzed involuntary psychiatric hospital admissions, including the patient's perspective. MATERIAL AND METHOD: All involuntarily admitted patients were assessed by an independent researcher. Clinical data, patient and psychiatrist views were documented with different instruments including the McArthur admission experience survey. RESULTS: In this study 104 out of 244 involuntarily admitted patients gave informed consent. We found considerable differences between study centres concerning involuntary admission quotas (3.2-25.8 % of all hospital admissions) and involuntary admission rates (16.6-97.6 per year per 100,000 inhabitants). Hospitals in the state of Baden-Württemberg had the lowest involuntary admission rates while they were highest in Bavaria. In Baden-Württemberg involuntarily admitted patients were more likely to suffer from chronic schizophrenia, they were more severely ill and experienced the involuntary hospital admission as more strenuous. There were no differences between centres concerning frequency of dangerous behavior or self-harm. CONCLUSION: We found a high variance across regions concerning the reasons for, frequencies and legal basis of involuntary hospital admissions. Regional differences of legal frameworks and service organization can explain this only to a limited amount. Transparency, legal certainty and reflection of stakeholder roles are a future necessity. Furthermore, there is a need for stringent compliance with legal regulations and coherent documentation.


Language: de

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