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Journal Article

Citation

Wedagama DMP, Bird R, Dissanayake D. IATSS Res. 2008; 32(1): 62-73.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2008, International Association of Traffic and Safety Sciences, Publisher Elsevier Publishing)

DOI

unavailable

PMID

unavailable

Abstract

This study investigates how urban land use affects pedestrian and bicyclist casualties in children, adults, and elderly, and takes into account both people killed or seriously injured (KSI) and minor casualties. The study took into account ages of pedestrians and urban land use patterns, not traffic flow. The study used governmental United Kingdom land use classifications and separate models for different times of day, as pedestrian traffic varies during working and non-working hours. Land use data, casualty data, and population density data were taken from Newcastle upon Tyne and analyzed. The study found that most causalities involved adult pedestrians during non-working hours, and suggests that attention be paid to the number, location, and open hours of retail outlets in order to reduce the incidence of traffic accidents.

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