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Journal Article

Citation

Tschan T, Peter-Ruf C, Schmid M, In-Albon T. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry Ment. Health 2017; 11: e4.

Affiliation

Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, University of Koblenz-Landau, Ostbahnstraße 12, 76829 Landau, Germany.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2017, Holtzbrinck Springer Nature Publishing Group - BMC)

DOI

10.1186/s13034-016-0142-3

PMID

28101133

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Temperament and character traits of adolescents with nonsuicidal self-injury disorder (NSSI) might differentiate those- with and without comorbid borderline personality disorder (BPD).

METHODS: Participants were 57 female adolescents with NSSI disorder without BPD (NSSI - BPD), 14 adolescents with NSSI disorder and BPD (NSSI + BPD), 32 clinical controls (CC), and 64 nonclinical controls (NC). Temperament and character traits were assessed with the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory, and impulsivity with the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale and a Go/NoGo task.

RESULTS: Adolescents with NSSI disorder scored significantly higher on novelty seeking and harm avoidance and lower on persistence, self-directedness, and cooperativeness than CC. The NSSI + BPD group scored even higher than the NSSI - BPD group on novelty seeking and harm avoidance and lower on persistence and cooperativeness (d ≥ 0.72). Adolescents with NSSI reported higher levels of impulsivity than the CC and NC group. However, this difference was not found in a Go/NoGo task.

CONCLUSIONS: The results provide further evidence for a distinct diagnostic entity of NSSI disorder.


Language: en

Keywords

Borderline personality disorder; Character; Go/NoGo; Impulsivity; Nonsuicidal self-injury; Temperament

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