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Journal Article

Citation

Buisman RSM, Bakermans-Kranenburg MJ, Pittner K, Compier-de Block LHCG, van den Berg LJM, van Ijzendoorn MH, Tollenaar MS, Elzinga BM, Lindenberg J, Alink LRA. Dev. Psychobiol. 2019; ePub(ePub): ePub.

Affiliation

Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition (LIBC), Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, John Wiley and Sons)

DOI

10.1002/dev.21822

PMID

30727029

Abstract

Although childhood maltreatment has been shown to compromise adaptive parental behavior, little is known what happens in terms of physiological regulation when parents with a history of childhood maltreatment interact with their offspring. Using a sample of 229 parents (131 women), the present study examined whether childhood maltreatment experiences are associated with parents' behavioral and autonomic responses while resolving conflict with their offspring. Self-reported experienced child maltreatment was measured using a questionnaire assessing abuse and neglect. Parents (Mage  = 52.7 years, rangeage  = 26.6-88.4 years) and their offspring (Mage  = 24.6 years, rangeage  = 7.5-65.6 years) participated in a videotaped parent-offspring conflict interaction task. Parental warmth, negativity, and emotional support were coded. In addition, their pre-ejection period and respiratory sinus arrhythmia were measured as indicators of underlying sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system reactivity, respectively.

FINDINGS demonstrated that experiences of abuse and neglect were associated with behavioral and physiological responses in different ways. Separating these two types of maltreatment in research and in clinical practice might be important.

© 2019 The Authors. Developmental Psychobiology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Language: en

Keywords

childhood maltreatment; parenting behavior; physiological reactivity; pre-ejection period; respiratory sinus arrhythmia

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