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Journal Article


Elsi M, Novera I. Enferm. Clin. 2019; 29 Suppl 1: 101-104.


Baiturrahmah Padang Nursing Academy, Indonesia.


(Copyright © 2019, Elsevier Publishing)






OBJECTIVE: Triage is basically a categorization process to prioritize various treatments for patients based on the types of disease, severity, prognosis and resource availability. However, the term triage is more appropriate to be used in the context of natural disaster or mass casualties. Within the context of emergency situation in emergency department, the term triage refers to a method used to assess the severity of patients' condition, determine the level of priority, and mobilize the patients to the suitable care unit. ESI is a new concept of triage using five scales in classifying the patients in emergency department. The real implementation of this concept demands nurses have to immediately make assessment about patients' condition right away, besides they must give their final decision, whether to move the patients to the ward or to let them leave the hospital.

METHOD: This research was done using Pretest-Posttest one Group Design, involving 21 nurses in the Emergency Department of RSUD Pariaman as research respondents. Before respondents were introduced to ESI method, their basic skills had been previously evaluated, which evaluation results were compared to the after-treatment results. A set of questionnaires consisting of 10 cases were used as research instrument.

RESULTS: The result of this research showed that the value or rank difference between common triage and ESI triage categorization was positive (N). The mean rank was found at 11.00, while the sum of positive rank was 231.0 as shown in Asymp. Sig. (2-tailed) score of 0.00 lower than 0.05. Therefore, the null hypothesis was rejected.

CONCLUSIONS: There were differences in triage categorization before and after respondents were introduced to ESI method.

Copyright © 2019 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

Language: es


Emergency Severity Index method in hospital; Triage categorization


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