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Journal Article

Citation

Jiang X, Wang W, Guo H, Cheng Q, Bengler K. Transp. Res. D Trans. Environ. 2019; 66: 76-84.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, Elsevier Publishing)

DOI

10.1016/j.trd.2018.05.004

PMID

unavailable

Abstract

To analyse the drivers' decelerating behavior in conflict avoidance process under Vehicle-Pedestrian conflict situation is accordingly a surrogate method for the guidance of driver evasive manoeuvre and improving the active driving safety. Field observation data has been collected by video recording and image processing at urban unsignalized midblock crosswalks in Beijng, China and Munich, Germany. The relationship between deceleration rate and vehicle speed has been statistically described. By analyzing how the time-related measures (Vehicle Time to Conflict Point and Pedestrian Time to Conflict Point) and the distance-related measures (Vehicle longitudinal distance to Conflict Point and Pedestrian Lateral distance to Conflict Point) affect the deceleration rate choice, the drivers' effective decelerating zone with sight angle has been proposed with the consideration of longitudinal & lateral conflict behavior. Minimum Vehicle-Pedestrian conflict distance is calculated and a 2 m minimum distance is suggested as the threshold for collision discrimination. Comparisons which address the needs to make the intercultural adaptation when introducing Driver Assistance Systems to developing countries have also been made to show the significant differences between China and Germany. The whole work could hopefully be the groundwork in the target of conflict pre-scanning by decelerating zones under various conflict situations and the design of vehicle active safety systems.


Language: en

Keywords

Driver decelerating behavior; Driving zone; Field observation; Vehicle-Pedestrian conflict

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