SAFETYLIT WEEKLY UPDATE

We compile citations and summaries of about 400 new articles every week.
Email Signup | RSS Feed

HELP: Tutorials | FAQ
CONTACT US: Contact info

Search Results

Journal Article

Citation

Feemster JC, Smith KL, McCarter SJ, St Louis EK. J. Clin. Sleep Med. 2019; ePub(ePub): ePub.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, American Academy of Sleep Medicine)

DOI

unavailable

PMID

30736880

Abstract

Trauma-associated sleep disorder (TASD) is a parasomnia sharing characteristics of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) including dream-enactment behavior (DEB). Here we report REM sleep without atonia (RSWA) and other neurological features in a patient with complex vocal and motor DEB following traumatic combat military exposure. Post-discharge, his wife observed frequent yelling and jerking during sleep with dream mentation reminiscent of traumatic military experiences. He was initially diagnosed with PTSD. Polysomnography demonstrated RSWA and severe obstructive sleep apnea treated with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Dream-enactment behavior severity and frequency was reduced, but still persisted despite nasal CPAP and sequential fluoxetine, escitalopram, prazosin, and melatonin trials. Our case demonstrated overlapping clinical features of PTSD and RBD with polysomnography features of RSWA supportive of idiopathic RBD but no "soft signs" suggesting underlying synucleinopathy. Longitudinal follow-up of larger case series must clarify whether TASD consistently manifests REM sleep atonia loss and determine the phenoconversion risk for synucleinopathy neurodegeneration.

Copyright © 2019 American Academy of Sleep Medicine. All rights reserved.


Language: en

Keywords

REM sleep behavior disorder; polysomnography; posttraumatic stress disorder; trauma associated sleep disorder

NEW SEARCH


All SafetyLit records are available for automatic download to Zotero & Mendeley
Print