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Journal Article

Citation

Zorilă AL, Zorilă MV, Țolescu RȘ, Zăvoi RE, Cernea D. Curr. Health Sci. J. 2018; 44(2): 172-175.

Affiliation

Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2018, Medical University Publishing House)

DOI

10.12865/CHSJ.44.02.13

PMID

30746166

PMCID

PMC6320471

Abstract

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) represents a common cause of presentation in the emergency room and is considered a major health problem all over the world. Our study objective was to provide a regional perspective from a county hospital regarding epidemiologic aspect of TBI in a single year and to compare it with existing studies. 592 patients fulfilled the inclusions criteria and their characteristics were noted. We observed that the highest rate of TBI was among older people with an age over >60 years with 40.88%, which represented 242 of cases. Middle age adults (40 to 60 years) represented 34.29% whereas young adults were 16.72%. The remaining cases of 8.11% suffered mostly of concussions (80%) and were encountered in the <20 years group. While comparing with the local population of the Dolj County we obtained an incidence of 89.6 per 100.000 people. When discussing gender, we observed that most of the patients were male with a ratio of 2,3:1. Over one year, 132 deaths were cause of TBI, with most of them being related to older age 55.71%, followed by the middle age adults with 37.93%. Direct cost was also assessed with 894.110.523 which represents more than 200.000 euro. Medium cost per patient was 6.296.552 RON, 1414 euro, with most of the patients having a medium admission of 10 days. TBI represents a major problem and perhaps a better assessment and a national program will help enhance the treatment quality and might also help reduce the cost.


Language: en

Keywords

retrospective; epidemiology; traumatic brain injury

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