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Journal Article

Citation

Cherpitel CJ, Ye Y, Monteiro MG. Alcohol Alcohol. 2019; ePub(ePub): ePub.

Affiliation

Pan American Health Organization, Washington, DC, USA.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, Oxford University Press)

DOI

10.1093/alcalc/agz018

PMID

30855647

Abstract

AIMS: The risk of injury from alcohol consumption was analyzed by gender, controlling for frequency of heavy drinking occasions, and by cause of injury (traffic, violence, fall, other).

METHODS: Case-crossover analysis was conducted on 18,627 injured patients arriving at the emergency department (ED) within six hours of the event.

FINDINGS: Risk of injury was similar for females and males at ≤3 drinks prior to injury (OR = 2.74 vs. 2.76, respectively). At higher volume levels females were at greater risk than males, and significantly so at 3.1-6 drinks and 6.1-10 drinks (gender by volume interaction: OR = 0.60, CI = 0.39-0.93 and OR = 0.50, CI = 0.27-0.93, respectively). For those reporting 5+ ≥ monthly, females were at higher risk than males at all volume levels, and the gender by volume interaction was stronger than for those consuming 5+
CONCLUSIONS: Females are at higher risk of injury than males, regardless of frequency of heavy drinking and for all causes other than those related to traffic.

© The Author(s) 2019. Medical Council on Alcohol and Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.


Language: en

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