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Journal Article

Citation

Case JAC, Burke TA, Siegel DM, Piccirillo ML, Alloy LB, Olino T. Arch. Suicide Res. 2019; ePub(ePub): ePub.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, International Academy of Suicide Research, Publisher Informa - Taylor and Francis Group)

DOI

10.1080/13811118.2019.1586607

PMID

30856362

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This study employed latent class analysis utilizing an array of features of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in order to identify distinct subgroups of self-injurers.

METHODS: Participants were 359 undergraduates with NSSI history. Indicator variables were lifetime and last year frequency rates, number of methods, scarring, pain during self-injury, and functions of NSSI.

RESULTS: Analyses yielded mild/experimental NSSI, moderate NSSI, moderate multiple functions NSSI, and severe NSSI groups, endorsing low, moderate, moderate, and high frequencies of self-injury and presence of functions, respectively. Following class assignment, groups differed on self-esteem, social support and belongingness, internalizing symptoms, suicidal ideation and behaviors, and additional NSSI constructs.

CONCLUSION: These subtype analyses emphasize matching phenotypes of NSSI to specific interventions considering dimensions of clinical functioning.


Language: en

Keywords

Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI); functions; latent class analysis; scarring; suicide

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