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Journal Article

Citation

Mansouri MR, Tabatabaei SA, Naderan M, Soleimani M, Minaei Zangi F, Matini D. Eye 2019; ePub(ePub): ePub.

Affiliation

Eye Research Center, Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, Nature Publishing Group)

DOI

10.1038/s41433-019-0394-2

PMID

30858566

Abstract

AIMS: To determine the prevalence of various personality disorders in patients with open globe injuries caused by violent eye trauma.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: One-hundred patients were divided equally to case and control groups. The case group was selected from admitted patients with open globe injury following a violent act. We considered open globe injuries not involved in violence as the control group. All patients interviewed using SCID-II questionnaire.

RESULTS: The mean age was 30.7 ± 9.2 year and 34.4 ± 13.1 year for the case and control groups, respectively, (P > 0.05). The married population was more frequent in the control group (P = 0.027). Forty-three patients (86%) in the case group and 23 patients (46%) in the control group demonstrated some personality disorder (P < 0.001). In both groups, cluster B was most frequent. The antisocial personality disorder was more prevalent in the case group. (P = 0.046 and P = 0.006, respectively). The ocular trauma score (OTS) and the mean visual acuity was significantly worse in the case group (P = 0.028 and P = 0.044).

CONCLUSIONS: Personality disorders are probably important factors in those who acquire an open eye injury during violent behavior. This group had a poor visual outcome. We suggest that this population merits appropriate psychiatric consultation for detection of personality disorders.


Language: en

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