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Journal Article

Citation

Lanzillo EC, Horowitz LM, Wharff EA, Sheftall AH, Pao M, Bridge JA. Hosp. Pediatr. 2019; 9(4): 305-307.

Affiliation

Pediatrics, Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Hospital Medicine)

DOI

10.1542/hpeds.2018-0154

PMID

30858170

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of screening positive for suicide risk in a sample of 10- to 12-year-olds presenting to the emergency department (ED).

METHODS: Patients presenting to the ED were administered a battery of measures, including the Ask Suicide-Screening Questions and the criterion-standard Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire. Answering affirmatively to any of the 4 Ask Suicide-Screening Questions and/or scoring above the Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire cutoff score was considered a positive screen result for suicide risk.

RESULTS: The sample included 79 preteen patients. The overall positive screen result rate was 29.1% (23 of 79). More than half (54.1%) of patients presenting with psychiatric chief complaints screened positive for suicide risk, and 7.1% of preteens presenting with chief medical complaints screened positive. Of preteens, 17.7% (14 of 79) reported previous suicidal behavior.

CONCLUSIONS: Preteens think about suicide and engage in suicidal behavior at rates that warrant further study. Notably, 7% of preteens presenting with chief medical complaints screened positive, highlighting the importance of screening all preteen patients as young as 10 years old for suicide risk in the ED.

Copyright © 2019 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.


Language: en

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