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Journal Article

Citation

Maneeprom N, Taneepanichskul S, Panza A, Suputtitada A. Clin. Interv. Aging 2019; 14: 335-346.

Affiliation

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, Dove Press)

DOI

10.2147/CIA.S182336

PMID

30863027

PMCID

PMC6388770

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at investigating the effectiveness of a robotic fall prevention program on knowledge, exercises, balance, and incidence of falls among elderly in senior housings.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a quasi-experimental study. Sixty-four elderly in two senior housings in Bangkok with Barthel Index scale ≥12, who had either at least one fall experience in the past 12 months and/or had Timed Up and Go (TUG) test ≥20 seconds were recruited and purposively assigned to the intervention group (received a small robot-installed fall prevention software, personal coaching, and handbook, n=32) and control group (received only handbook, n=32). Outcomes were knowledge score evaluated by structured questionnaire through face-to-face interviews, number of exercises measured by self-recorded diary, and balance score assessed by TUG and Berg Balance Scale (BBS). The incidence of falls was assessed by face-to-face interviews. Both groups were assessed at baseline, 3rd, and 6th month after the intervention.

RESULTS: There was a statistically significant improvement in knowledge mean score at 6th month in both the groups. However, the intervention group showed faster increase in knowledge mean score than the control group at 3rd month (P<0.01). The intervention group showed a statistically significant higher number of exercises than the control group at 3rd and 6th month (P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference on TUG and BBS mean scores between the two groups at baseline, 3rd, and 6th month. However, the intervention group showed a statistically significant improvement in TUG and BBS at 6th month post-intervention (P<0.01). There was one fall reported in the control group.

CONCLUSION: The robotic fall prevention program increased knowledge on fall prevention and promoted exercises and balance among elderly in senior housings.


Language: en

Keywords

Berg Balance Scale; Thailand; Timed Up and Go test; elderly; fall prevention robot; senior housing

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