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Journal Article

Citation

Franca TCC, Kitagawa DAS, Cavalcante SFA, da Silva JAV, Nepovimova E, Kuca K. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019; 20(5): e20051222.

Affiliation

Philosophical Faculty, University of Hradec Kralove, Rokitanskeho 62, 50003 Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic. kamil.kuca@uhk.cz.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, Molecular Diversity Preservation International)

DOI

10.3390/ijms20051222

PMID

30862059

Abstract

"Novichoks" is the name given to the controversial chemical weapons supposedly developed in the former Soviet Union between the 1970s and the 1990s. Designed to be undetectable and untreatable, these chemicals became the most toxic of the nerve agents, being very attractive for both terrorist and chemical warfare purposes. However, very little information is available in the literature, and the Russian government did not acknowledge their development. The intent of this review is to provide the IJMS readers with a general overview on what is known about novichoks today. We briefly tell the story of the secret development of these agents, and discuss their synthesis, toxicity, physical-chemical properties, and possible ways of treatment and neutralization. In addition, we also wish to call the attention of the scientific community to the great risks still represented by nerve agents worldwide, and the need to keep constant investments in the development of antidotes and ways to protect against such deadly compounds.


Language: en

Keywords

Novichoks; binary weapon; chemical warfare; nerve agents

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