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Journal Article

Citation

LeBrun DG, Del Rosario J, Kelly JD, Wren SM, Spiegel DA, Mkandawire N, Gosselin RA, Kushner AL. J. Epidemiol. Glob. Health 2018; 8(3-4): 171-175.

Affiliation

Surgeons OverSeas, 99 Avenue B, Suite 5E, New York, NY 10009, USA.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2018, Elsevier Publishing)

DOI

10.2991/j.jegh.2017.10.010

PMID

30864759

Abstract

The extent to which sports injuries contribute to the burden of injury among adolescents in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is unknown. The goal of this study was to estimate the incidence of sports injuries among adolescents in Africa. Data from the World Health Organization Global School-Based Student Health surveys were used to estimate the annual number of African adolescents sustaining sports injuries. Gender-stratified injury rates were calculated and applied to every African country's adolescent population to estimate country-specific and continent-wide injury totals. A total of 21,858 males and 24,691 females from 14 countries were included in the analysis. Country-specific annual sports injury rates ranged from 13.5% to 38.1% in males and 5.2% to 20.2% in females. Weighted average sports injury rates for males and females were 23.7% (95% CI 23.1%-24.2%) and 12.5% (95% CI 12.1%-12.9%), respectively. When these rates were extrapolated to the adolescent populations of the African continent, an estimated 15,477,798 (95% CI 15,085,955-15,804,333) males and 7,943,625 (95% CI 7,689,429-8,197,821) females sustained sports injuries. Our findings suggest that over 23 million African adolescents sustained sports injuries annually. Further work will help to more precisely define the burden of sports injuries in LMICs and the role that surgery can play in mitigating this burden.

© Atlantis Press International B.V.


Language: en

Keywords

Africa; Sports; adolescent; injury

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