SAFETYLIT WEEKLY UPDATE

We compile citations and summaries of about 400 new articles every week.
Email Signup | RSS Feed

HELP: Tutorials | FAQ
CONTACT US: Contact info

Search Results

Journal Article

Citation

Evaniew N, Fallah N, Rivers CS, Noonan VK, Fisher CG, Dvorak MF, Wilson JR, Kwon BK. J. Neurotrauma 2019; ePub(ePub): ePub.

Affiliation

Univ. of British Columbia, Orthopaedics , 6169 Blusson Spinal Cord Centre , 818 West 10th Ave , Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada , V5Z1M9 ; brian.kwon@ubc.ca.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, Mary Ann Liebert Publishers)

DOI

10.1089/neu.2018.6335

PMID

30864876

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Clinical trials of novel therapies for acute SCI are challenging because variability in spontaneous neurologic recovery can make discerning actual treatment effects difficult. Unbiased Recursive Partitioning regression with Conditional Inference Trees (URP-CTREE) is a novel approach developed through analyses of a large European SCI database (EMSCI). URP-CTREE uses early neurologic impairment to predict achieved motor recovery, with potential to optimize clinical trial design, optimizing stratifying patients and decreasing sample sizes. We performed external validation to determine how well a previously reported URP-CTREE model stratified patients into distinct homogeneous subgroups and predicted subsequent neurologic recovery in an independent cohort.

METHODS: We included patients with acute cervical SCI level C4-C6 from a prospective registry at a quaternary care center from 2004-2018 (n=101) and applied the URP-CTREE model and evaluated Upper Extremity Motor Score (UEMS) recovery, considered correctly predicted when final UEMS scores were within a pre-specified threshold of nine points from median; sensitivity analyses evaluated the effect of timing of baseline neurological examination.

RESULTS: We included 101 patients, whose mean times from injury-baseline and follow-up examinations were 6.1 days (SD 17) and 235 days (SD 71) respectively. Median UEMS recovery was 7 points (IQR 2-12). One of the predictor variables was not statistically significant in our sample; one group did not fit progressively improving UEMS scores, and 3/5 groups had medians that were not significantly different from adjacent groups. Overall accuracy was 75%, but varied from 82% among participants whose examinations occurred at <12h, to 64% at 12-24h, and 58% at >24h.

CONCLUSIONS: A previous URP-CTREE model had limited ability to stratify an independent into homogeneous subgroups. Overall accuracy was promising, but may be sensitive to timing of baseline neurological examinations. Further evaluation of external validity in incomplete injuries, influence of timing of baseline examinations, and investigation of additional stratification strategies is warranted.


Language: en

Keywords

HUMAN STUDIES; PROSPECTIVE STUDY; RECOVERY; TRAUMATIC SPINAL CORD INJURY; spinal cord injury

NEW SEARCH


All SafetyLit records are available for automatic download to Zotero & Mendeley
Print