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Journal Article

Citation

Lykissas M, Gkiatas I, Spiliotis A, Papadopoulos D. J. Orthop. Surg. (Hong Kong) 2019; 27(1): e2309499019834734.

Affiliation

Orthopaedic Department, University Hospital of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, SAGE Publishing)

DOI

10.1177/2309499019834734

PMID

30862255

Abstract

BACKGROUND:: Cervical spine fractures (CSFs) are potentially devastating injuries in pediatric population. Fortunately, these injuries are uncommon in pediatric patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the epidemiology, the risk factors, mechanisms of injury and to identify possible strategies for prevention. In addition, the aim of the current study was to compare CSF sustained in 2003 to CSF sustained in 2008 and 2013 so as to recognize the trend of pediatric CSFs in the United States.

METHODS:: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System was queried for CSF sustained in pediatric population up to 16 years of age for years 2003, 2008, and 2013. Outcomes of interest were patient characteristics (age and sex), causes of CSF, and mechanism of injury.

RESULTS:: Eighty pediatric patients with CSF were identified. The average age was 10.5 years. Boys sustained significantly more CSF than girls. Statistically significant more CSF were occurred in children of 10-16 years than in children up to 9 years. Sports or recreational activities and home-related accidents were the predominant causes of CSF. Mechanisms of injury were age-related, with younger children sustaining CSF as a result of home-related accidents while adolescents commonly injured during sporting or recreational activities. In contrast to current data in literature, motor vehicle accidents were not a major cause of CSF. Comparing the years 2003, 2008, and 2013, statistically significant differences in the incidence of CSF were not found.

CONCLUSIONS:: Our study confirms previous findings that adolescents who sustain CSF have higher incidence of sport or recreation-related accidents than younger patients who sustain commonly home-related accidents as a consequence of insufficient parental supervision. The perception that motor vehicle accidents comprise major cause of CSF appears not to be true.


Language: en

Keywords

NEISS; cervical spine fractures; home-related accidents; injury prevention; pediatric; sports

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