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Journal Article


Lee YS, Choi EJ, Kim YH, Park HA. J. Patient Saf. 2019; ePub(ePub): ePub.


College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.


(Copyright © 2019, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins)






OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the characteristics and predictors of falls in high- and low-risk inpatients in a tertiary hospital in Korea.

METHODS: Fallers' data were extracted from quality improvement reports and electronic health records from June 1, 2014, to May 31, 2015. Data on nonfallers matched by the length of hospitalization and medical departments of fallers were extracted from electronic health records. Participants were classified into a high- or a low-risk group based on their Morse Fall Scale score, fall risk-related symptoms, and medications known to increase fall risk. Characteristics of falls and risk factors were analyzed using descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis, respectively.

RESULTS: In the high-risk group, education, surgery, department, impaired mobility, intravenous catheter placement, use of ambulatory aid, gait disturbance, and some medications were significantly different between the fallers and nonfallers. From these variables, education, operation, department, intravenous catheter placement, gait disturbance, and use of narcotics, vasodilators, antiarrhythmics, and hypnotics were statistically significant factors for falls. In the low-risk group, sex, age, length of hospitalization, surgery, department, diagnosis, and mental status were significantly different between the fallers and nonfallers. From these, sex, age, length of hospitalization, surgery, and liver-digestive diseases were statistically significant factors for falls.

CONCLUSIONS: Characteristics and risk factors for falls differed between the risk groups. Fall prevention strategies need to be tailored to the risk groups and fall risk assessment tools need to be revised accordingly.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal.

Language: en


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