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Journal Article

Citation

Ahmed S, Mahmood M, Rizvi SAH, Siddiqui AA, Shahid N, Akram WA, Bano S. Cureus 2019; 11(1): e3830.

Affiliation

Surgery, Pakistan Airforce Hospital Masroor Base, Karachi, PAK.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2019, Curēus)

DOI

10.7759/cureus.3830

PMID

30868043

PMCID

PMC6402722

Abstract

Background Road traffic accidents (RTAs) have become a major issue in today's world. They have caused the loss of more than a million lives in the last decade and are substantially increasing every day. Injuries due to RTAs can cause significant morbidity and mortality. These injuries can be sorted by the type, body region, gender, and age group. We aimed to highlight the frequency and nature of road traffic injuries (RTIs) according to these variables in Ha'il, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

METHODS A retrospective study was conducted in King Khalid Hospital, Ha'il. Data on the cases of RTIs were collected, which presented to the hospital emergency department from January 1, 2016, to December 31, 2017. Data analysis was then performed using IBM Statistical Package for the Social Sciences 17.0 (SPSS, IBM, NY, USA). Frequencies were calculated using descriptive statistics, and graphs were generated.

RESULTS A total of 10,855 patients with RTIs were encountered at the hospital emergency department. Out of these, 8035 patients were males (74.02%) while 2820 were females (25.97%). Fractures of one or more sites were the most common type of injury, encountered in 5173 patients (47.66%). Lacerations occurred in 3487 patients (32.12%). Crush injuries were encountered in 1190 patients (10.96%) while penetrating injuries occurred in 844 patients (7.78%). Abdominal and pelvic visceral injuries were present in 103 patients (0.95%) while thoracic visceral injuries were present in 39 patients (0.36%). Amputations occurred in 19 patients (0.18%).

CONCLUSION Our study highlights the frequency and nature of road traffic injuries that present in the emergency department. As suggested by the high frequency of specific types of injuries, special training should be provided to healthcare professionals to address and treat fractures, head and neck injuries, and serious lacerations effectively.


Language: en

Keywords

amputation; emergency; fractures; frequency; lacerations; road traffic accidents

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