%0 Journal Article
%T Ricochet Behavior on Glass-Critical Ricochet Angles, Ricochet Angles, and Deflection Angles
%J Journal of forensic sciences
%D 2016
%A Mattijssen, Erwin J. A. T.
%A Pater, K. Dieter H.
%A Stoel, Reinoud D.
%V 61
%N 6
%P 1456-1460
%X For shooting scene reconstruction purposes, knowledge about the ricochet behavior of bullets provides valuable information. In this study, the critical ricochet angles of four cartridge types were established on plain float glass. The estimates of the critical ricochet angles varied between cartridge types and were 21.0° for.32 Auto FMJ bullets, 15.8° for 9 mm Luger FMJ bullets, 17.6° for.45 Auto FMJ bullets, and 21.3° for 9 mm Luger, Action NP bullets. The corresponding ricochet and deflection angles per incidence angle varied depending on the state of the ricocheted bullets. The mean ricochet angles are always lower than the corresponding angles of incidence, and the mean ricochet angles for the FMJ bullets with undamaged jackets are lower than those of bullets where the jacket is either damaged or the bullet partially ricocheted and partially perforated. Mean ricochet angles are lower for undamaged FMJ bullets than for undamaged Action NP bullets.

© 2016 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.

Language: en

%G en
%I John Wiley and Sons
%@ 0022-1198
%U http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13201