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Journal Article

Citation

Bogerd CP, Bruhwiler PA. Appl. Ergon. 2009; 40(2): 161-164.

Affiliation

Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research, Laboratory for Physiology and Protection, Lerchenfeldstrasse 5, CH-9014 St. Gallen, Switzerland.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2009, Elsevier Publishing)

DOI

10.1016/j.apergo.2008.03.001

PMID

18452890

Abstract

Heat loss of 27 full-face motorcycle helmets was studied using a thermal manikin headform. The headform was electrically heated and positioned at the exit of a wind tunnel, so that the air stream flowed onto its front side. All helmets were measured in three sessions in which all the vents were opened or closed consecutively in random order. Average heat loss was calculated from a steady state period, under controlled environmental conditions of 22+/-0.05 degrees C, 50+/-1% RH and 50.4+/-1.1 km h(-1) (14.0+/-0.3 ms(-1)) wind speed. The results show large variations in heat loss among the different helmets, ranging from 0 to 4 W for the scalp section of the headform and 8 to 18 W for the face section of the headform. Opening all the vents showed an increase in heat loss of more than 1 W (2 W) for four (two) helmets in the scalp section and six (one) helmets in the face section. These levels of heat transfer have been shown to be the thresholds for human sensitivity in scalp and face sections. Furthermore, helmet construction features which could be identified as important for heat loss of motorcycle helmets were identified.


Language: en

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