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Journal Article

Citation

Edelstein BA, Heisel MJ, McKee DR, Martin RR, Koven LP, Duberstein PR, Britton PC. Gerontologist 2009; 49(6): 736-745.

Affiliation

Department of Psychology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506-6040. barry.edelstein@mail.wvu.edu.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2009, Oxford University Press)

DOI

10.1093/geront/gnp052

PMID

19546114

PMCID

PMC2782323

Abstract

PURPOSE: The purposes of these studies were to develop and initially evaluate the psychometric properties of the Reasons for Living Scale-Older Adult version (RFL-OA), an older adults version of a measure designed to assess reasons for living among individuals at risk for suicide. DESIGN AND METHODS: Two studies are reported. Study 1 involved instrument development with 106 community-dwelling older adults, and initial psychometric evaluation with a second sample of 119 community-dwelling older adults. Study 2 evaluated the psychometric properties of the RFL-OA in a clinical sample. One hundred eighty-one mental health patients 50 years or older completed the RFL-OA and measures of depression, suicide ideation at the current time and at the worst point in one's life, and current mental status and physical functioning. RESULTS: Strong psychometric properties were demonstrated for the RFL-OA, with high internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha coefficient). Convergent validity was evidenced by negative associations among RFL-OA scores and measures of depression and suicide ideation. RFL-OA scores predicted current and worst-episode suicide ideation above and beyond current depression. Discriminant validity was evidenced with measures of current mental status and physical functioning. Criterion-related validity was also demonstrated with respect to lifetime history of suicidal behavior. IMPLICATIONS: These findings provide preliminary support for the validity and reliability of the RFL-OA. The findings also support the potential value of attending to reasons for living during clinical treatment with depressed older adults and others at risk for suicide.


Language: en

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