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Journal Article

Citation

Runyan CW, Gray DE, Kotch JB, Kreuter MW. Am. J. Public Health 1991; 81(8): 981-985.

Affiliation

University of North Carolina School of Public Health, Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, Chapel Hill.

Copyright

(Copyright © 1991, American Public Health Association)

DOI

unavailable

PMID

1854015

PMCID

PMC1405698

Abstract

BACKGROUND: With 1.9 million US children cared for in organized group child care, the safety of these children is a public health concern. In the absence of federal policy, each state has developed its own day care safety regulations. METHODS: After creating a set of 36 criteria from three sets of national guidelines, we assessed the safety regulations of 45 states. With a mailed survey of state day care regulatory personnel, we examined the processes of formulating and implementing safety policy in 47 states. RESULTS: For 24 of the 36 items, more than half the states' regulations were below the criteria or failed to mention the topic. Most notable is the inattention to playground safety, choking hazards, and firearms. CONCLUSION: The uneven quality of regulations may be a reflection of a regulatory process that is fragmented, with many different groups sharing authority and with limited involvement of injury prevention specialists.

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