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Journal Article


Valent F, Barbone F. Acta Paediatr. 2003; 92(8): 958-964.


Unit of Hygiene and Epidemiology, DPMSC, University of Udine, Italy.


(Copyright © 2003, John Wiley and Sons)






AIM: To evaluate the use of automotive restraint

systems among children in Northeast of Italy and to describe parental knowledge

and reasons for either use or non-use. METHODS: This population survey included

subjects recruited at three Vaccination Services serving approximately 24000

children aged 0-12 y. From March 8, 2002 to June 7, 2002 parents of children

being vaccinated were asked to complete a self-administered structured

questionnaire. A total of 1093 questionnaires were collected. Data were analysed

using contingency tables, chi2 tests, and multivariable logistic regression.

RESULTS: Although 98% of children were restrained when riding in a car, less

than 90% were using the restraint system appropriate to their body size, and 38%

of parents were making some errors in the way they transported their children.

Parents of children > or = 3 y of age were significantly more likely to make

errors. Less than half of the respondents had ever received any information on

child restraint systems and it was found that being given information

significantly reduced the likelihood of parents making errors when transporting

children. CONCLUSION: Many children ride unrestrained or inappropriately

restrained in cars. Parents should be provided with information on child

restraint systems in order to decrease the frequency of incorrect child

transportation. Special attention should be devoted to the parents of children

> or = 3 y of age.


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