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Journal Article


Cone EJ, Menchen SL, Paul BD, Mell LD, Mitchell J. J. Forensic Sci. 1989; 34(1): 15-31.


Laboratory of Chemistry and Drug Metabolism, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Baltimore, MD.

Comment In:

J Forensic Sci 1990;35(2):230-2.


(Copyright © 1989, American Society for Testing and Materials, Publisher John Wiley and Sons)






A validity study of eight commercial urine assays for detection of cocaine metabolite was performed on clinical specimens collected from human subjects who received single 20-mg intravenous doses of cocaine hydrochloride. The specimens were collected under controlled conditions and analyzed in random order under blind conditions. Benzoylecgonine concentration in each specimen also was determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Mean times of detection of the last positive specimen (greater than or equal to 300 ng/mL of benzoylecgonine equivalents) after cocaine administration varied among seven of the commercial tests from 16.9 to 52.9 h in the following ascending order: Toxi-Lab less than TDx = EMIT dau = EMIT st less than Abuscreen less than Coat-A-Count = Double Antibody. In contrast, a commercial spot test (KDI Quik Test) which was evaluated for detection of cocaine metabolite produced both false positives and false negatives for benzoylecgonine and was not considered to be a valid test for detection of cocaine metabolite. Half-lives of excretion of benzoylecgonine among four subjects varied from 5.9 to 7.9 h, and overall recovery of benzoylecgonine varied from 15.0 to 34.3% of the administered dose of cocaine.

Language: en


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