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Journal Article

Citation

Joseph E, Zak R, Smith S, Best WR, Gamelli RL, Dries DJ. J. Trauma 1992; 33(1): 19-24.

Affiliation

Department of Surgery, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL 60153.

Copyright

(Copyright © 1992, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins)

DOI

unavailable

PMID

1635101

Abstract

Multivariate analysis was used to identify factors predicting injury and visual outcome in 94 blunt trauma patients evaluated for eye injuries among 6700 admissions to a level I trauma center over a 29-month period. Patients with penetrating eye injuries were excluded from this review. Eye injury was detected in 93% or 87 of the patients evaluated. Seven percent of eye injuries resulted in blindness, 22% were serious (visual acuity between 20/40 and 20/200 or eye injury requiring surgery), and 71% were temporary (final visual acuity of 20/40 or better). The presence of an afferent pupillary defect or a nonreactive pupil was the most important factor in predicting the severity of eye injury (p = 0.0023), followed by facial fractures (p = 0.0084), and no eye opening or eye opening to pain within the Glasgow Coma Scale (p = 0.02). Eye injury is an infrequent complication of blunt trauma. Appropriate consultation for evaluation of this problem can be obtained based on findings from the initial history and screening physical examination.


Language: en

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