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Journal Article

Citation

Smith DI. Alcohol Clin. Exp. Res. 1989; 13(2): 190-195.

Affiliation

Western Australian Alcohol and Drug Authority, West Perth.

Copyright

(Copyright © 1989, John Wiley and Sons)

DOI

unavailable

PMID

2658654

Abstract

A longitudinal study with a 6-year before-period and a 9-year after-period was conducted to determine the effect of changing the number and type of alcohol outlets in Western Australia relative to a control State. During the 1974 to 1982 after-period Western Australia had a 16.0% increase in the hotel, tavern, and store rate in comparison to the control State, but a 17.4% decrease in the rate of licences for licensed clubs, restaurants, and all other licences. Consistent with previous correlational research, the above changes were associated with significant increases in Western Australia for male (+24.3%) and female (+29.3%) liver cirrhosis mortality, but a significant decrease in male driver and motorcyclist mortality (-22.1%). Attention is drawn to the value of longitudinal studies to examine both the negative and positive effects of changing the number and type of alcohol outlets.


Language: en

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