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Journal Article

Citation

Rodgers GB. Inj. Prev. 2002; 8(1): 42-46.

Affiliation

Directorate for Economic Analysis, US Consumer Product Safety Commission, Washington, DC 20207, USA.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2002, BMJ Publishing Group)

DOI

unavailable

PMID

11928973

PMCID

PMC1730808

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of state helmet laws in increasing the use of bicycle helmets by children and adolescents under age 16. SETTING: United States. METHODS: A cross sectional study of factors associated with the likelihood of helmet use by children and adolescents. Data were derived from a national random digit dial telephone survey of bicycle riders. A multiple logistic regression analysis was used to quantify the independent effect of the state helmet laws on helmet use. RESULTS: Helmet use was systematically related to the presence of state helmet laws (odds ratio 2.65; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.29 to 5.44). The increase in the average probability of helmet use attributable to state helmet laws was 18.4% (95% CI 17.8% to 19.0%). CONCLUSIONS: State helmet laws significantly increase helmet use by children and play an important part in any comprehensive effort designed to achieve this goal.

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