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Journal Article

Citation

Stray LL, Ellertsen B, Stray T. Acta Paediatr. 2010; 99(8): 1199-1204.

Affiliation

Department of Child and Adolescent Health, Sørlandet Hospital, Arendal, Norway.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2010, John Wiley and Sons)

DOI

10.1111/j.1651-2227.2010.01760.x

PMID

20298494

Abstract

Aim: Hyperactivity, impulsivity and poor attention are the core problems of ADHD and central stimulant medication is the preferred treatment. Many children with ADHD also display motor problems. The present study investigated the presence of motor problems in subjects who showed positive response to central stimulants on ADHD symptoms, compared with non-responders. Method: This is a retrospective study of 73 children diagnosed ADHD, aged 5-17 years, who had been assessed with parts of the 'Motor Function Neurological Assessment' (MFNU) and evaluated with regard to effect of central stimulant medication. The sample was divided into two subgroups based on the responses to methylphenidate: Medicine responders and Non medicine responders. Results: Stimulant responders showed significantly more motor problems than the non-responders on all sub-tests and on the total problem score of the MFNU. Motor problems were present both in younger (age 5-10 years) and older (11-17 years) stimulant responders. There were no gender differences in motor performance. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that the probability of positive effect of central stimulants on core problems of ADHD is higher when motor problems are present in addition to ADHD symptoms, than when motor problems are absent.


Language: en

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