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Journal Article

Citation

Hu G, Rao K, Baker SP. Inj. Prev. 2010; 16(4): 230-234.

Affiliation

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2010, BMJ Publishing Group)

DOI

10.1136/ip.2009.025080

PMID

20595140

Abstract

Objective To understand the epidemiology of non-fatal injuries among adults aged 65 years and older in China. Design Cross-sectional survey (the Fourth National Health Services Survey of China). Participants Urban and rural residents aged 65 years and older from 56 400 households in China. Main Outcome Measures The incidence rate was calculated as the number of persons injured in the previous 12 months divided by the populationx1000. Results The incidence rate of non-fatal injuries among elderly individuals in the previous 12 months was 37.5 per 1000 population. Home, street, working environment, and public buildings were the most common places of occurrence, accounting for more than 90% of injuries. Falls were the leading cause of non-fatal injuries. After adjusting for other factors, Han people were 39% more likely to be injured than non-Han people, and the divorced and the widowed were found to have, respectively, 4.6 and 2.2 times the risk of injury compared with single persons, p<0.05. Education, per capita household income and urbanisation did not significantly affect the injury risk when confounding factors were controlled for. Conclusion Almost 4% of adults aged 65 years and over sustain injuries each year in China. Falls should be a priority of injury prevention for elderly people, efficient home injury prevention programmes need to be developed, and the divorced and widowed should be targeted as groups at high risk of injury.


Language: en

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