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Journal Article

Citation

Radonic V, Baric D, Giunio L, Bill B, Kovacević H, Sapunar D. Cardiovasc. Surg. 1997; 5(6): 641-647.

Affiliation

Department of Surgery, Clinical Hospital, Split, Croatia.

Copyright

(Copyright © 1997, Elsevier Publishing)

DOI

unavailable

PMID

9423951

Abstract

During the war in Croatia (from May 1991 to December 1995), 67 patients with war injuries of the femoral vein and/or artery were treated at the Surgical Clinic of Split Clinical Hospital. All the wounded were admitted directly from the battlefield or from front-line hospitals. There were five women and 62 men with a median age of 29 (range 15-54) years. There were 70 arterial (28 isolated) and 49 venous injuries (six isolated). Forty-six arterial injuries were repaired by reverse vein graft. Four proximal profound femoral arteries were reconstructed. Major venous injuries were repaired, 11 by compilation autogenous vein graft. No synthetic grafts were used. Repair of veins with large defects using compilation saphenous vein grafts gave good results. Six profound femoral veins and two superficial femoral veins were ligated. Vein ligation should be avoided unless another life-threatening injury demands priority. Twenty-one patients required open prophylactic fasciotomy. Two patients died (3%) and three ultimately underwent amputation (5%). Intermittent hyperbaric oxygen therapy was given to 18 heavily wounded patients with beneficial effect. The results support an immediate and coordinated approach to femoral vascular trauma with repair of arterial and venous injuries.


Language: en

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