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Journal Article

Citation

Bandyopadhyay D, Sinha D, Lipsitz S, Letourneau E. Ann. Appl. Stat. 2010; 4(2): 805-829.

Affiliation

Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425; bandyopd@musc.edu.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2010, Institute of Mathematical Statistics)

DOI

10.1214/09-AOAS295

PMID

20729988

PMCID

PMC2923855

Abstract

Existing state-wide data bases on prosecutors' decisions about juvenile offenders are important, yet often unexplored resources for understanding changes in patterns of judicial decisions over time. We investigate the extent and nature of change in judicial behavior towards juveniles following the enactment of a new set of mandatory registration policies between 1992 and 1996 via analyzing the data on prosecutors' decisions of moving forward for youths repeatedly charged with sexual violence in South Carolina. We use a novel extension of random effects logistic regression model for longitudinal binary data via incorporating an unknown change-point year. For convenient physical interpretation, our models allow the proportional odds interpretation of effects of the explanatory variables and the change-point year with and without conditioning on the youth-specific random effects. As a consequence, the effects of the unknown change-point year and other factors can be interpreted as changes in both within youth and population averaged odds of moving forward. Using a Bayesian paradigm, we consider various prior opinions about the unknown year of the change in the pattern of prosecutors' decision. Based on the available data, we make posteriori conclusions about whether a change-point has occurred between 1992 and 1996 (inclusive), evaluate the degree of confidence about the year of change-point, estimate the magnitude of the effects of the change-point and other factors, and investigate other provocative questions about patterns of prosecutors' decisions over time.


Language: en

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