SAFETYLIT WEEKLY UPDATE

We compile citations and summaries of about 400 new articles every week.
Email Signup | RSS Feed

HELP: Tutorials | FAQ
CONTACT US: Contact info

Search Results

Journal Article

Citation

Kaplan LJ, Cheung NH, Maerz L, Lui F, Schuster K, Luckianow G, Davis K. J. Trauma 2009; 66(4): 1045-1051.

Affiliation

Department of Surgery, Section of Trauma, Surgical Critical Care and Surgical Emergencies, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06518, USA. lewis.kaplan@yale.edu

Copyright

(Copyright © 2009, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins)

DOI

10.1097/TA.0b013e31819a04be

PMID

19359913

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study assesses if a physicochemical (PC) approach to acid-base balance improves the accuracy of acid-base diagnosis, and reduces inappropriate fluid loading. METHODS: Hundred consecutive patients with trauma admitted to a surgical intensive care unit at a level I trauma center were prospectively analyzed. Demographics, acid-base data and diagnoses, and interventions were collected. Patients were cared for by one physician using a PC approach, or four using conventional (CONV) acid-base balance techniques. The diagnoses and interventions made by CONV physicians were reviewed by the PC physician for accuracy and appropriateness using PC techniques. Data are mean +/- SD or percents; p values reflect PC evaluation of CONV analysis. RESULTS: There were 50 PC patients and 50 CONV. There were no differences in age (p = 0.13), injury severity score (p = 0.21), number of operations (p = 0.87), transfusions (p = 0.87), or survival (p = 0.15). CONV missed 12 diagnoses of metabolic acidosis (p = 0.03), 10 of hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis (p = 0.003), 11 metabolic alkalosis (p = 0.02), and 19 tertiary disorders (p < 0.001). CONV missed 38 diagnoses of increased unmeasured ions (p < 0.001). PC normalized their acid-base balance sooner than CONV (3.3 days +/- 3.4 days vs. 8.3 days +/- 7.4 days, p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: A PC approach improves acid-base diagnosis accuracy. CONV often miss acidosis (particularly those because of hyperchloremia), alkalosis, and tertiary disorders. Inappropriate volume loading follows in the wake of misinterpretation of increased base deficit using CONV and is avoided using PC. PC-directed therapy normalizes acid-base balance more rapidly than CONV.


Language: en

NEW SEARCH


All SafetyLit records are available for automatic download to Zotero & Mendeley
Print