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Journal Article

Citation

Morales AR, Romanelli R, Boucek RJ, Tate LG, Alvarez RT, Davis JT. Hum. Pathol. 1992; 23(2): 129-137.

Affiliation

Department of Pathology, University of Miami School of Medicine, FL.

Copyright

(Copyright © 1992, Elsevier Publishing)

DOI

unavailable

PMID

1740297

Abstract

Because of the microscopic features of the affected leaflets in mitral valve prolapse (MVP), myxoid degeneration of the valve is a common pathologic designation applied to this condition. We undertook this study as a means of gaining an insight into the occurrence and prevalence of extravalvular cardiac alterations in hearts with severe MVP. Tissues of 24 hearts with severe myxomatous transformation of the mitral valve as the sole cardiac abnormality were examined. Eighteen of the 24 subjects with severe MVP died suddenly. Only two of these had pathologic evidence of severe mitral insufficiency. Twenty-four normal hearts served as controls. The two groups of hearts came from victims of homicide, suicide, accident, or natural death. Sections of the mitral valve, working myocardium, conduction system, and cardiac nerves and ganglia were studied by routine and special connective tissue and proteoglycan stains. Similar to the findings in severely affected mitral valves, prominent deposits of proteoglycans in neural and conduction tissue readily distinguished hearts with myxomatous valve changes from the control hearts. We conclude that the commonly recognized local derangement of valvular tissue in MVP is but one specific reflection of a more general myxomatous alteration in cardiac connective tissue.


Language: en

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