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Journal Article


Haider F, De Carli C, Dhanani S, Sweeney B. J. Laparoendosc. Adv. Surg. Tech. A 2009; 19(Suppl 1): S141-3.


Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.


(Copyright © 2009, Mary Ann Liebert Publishers)






Iron ingestion accounts for approximately 3% of calls to poison control centers. The profound local and systemic effects of an iron overdose have an associated mortality rate of 5%. Laparotomy and gastrotomy has been reported as a life-saving maneuver to extract the retained iron aggregates that are notoriously resistant to, removal by conventional emesis or lavage techniques. In this paper, we describe, for the first time, the use of laparoscopic-assisted gastrotomy in the treatment of an iron overdose. A 14-year-old girl attempted suicide by means of a polydrug drug overdose, which included ferrous fumarate, at a calculated potentially lethal dose of 70 mg/kg. A gastric iron bezoar was seen on plain radiograph. The regional poison control center recommended surgical removal of the retained iron tablets. Upper endoscopy confirmed the retention of iron and showed its dense adherence to the gastric mucosa. A 5-mm laparoscope was introduced at the umbilicus, and the stomach was grasped by an instrument introduced through a left-upper quadrant incision. The incision was then enlarged to allow the formation of a gastrotomy. The iron bezoar was removed with the aid of digital disimpaction and copious saline irrigation. The patient made a rapid postoperative recovery prior to undergoing psychiatric treatment. We conclude that laparoscopic-assisted gastrotomy is a simple and safe option in the acute management of a retained iron bezoar.

Language: en


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