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Journal Article

Citation

Deckel AW, Shoemaker WJ, Arky L. Alcohol Clin. Exp. Res. 1997; 21(4): 631-636.

Affiliation

Neuropsychology Service, University of Connecticut Medical School, Farmington, USA.

Copyright

(Copyright © 1997, John Wiley and Sons)

DOI

unavailable

PMID

9194916

Abstract

Thirty adult male Wistar rats received 8 micrograms bilaterally of 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine into the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). Rats were then trained, via a sucrose, fading paradigm, to consume increasing concentrations of alcohol. After death, dopamine (DA), norepinephrine (NE), serotonin (5-HT), and their metabolites were measured in the mPFC, nucleus accumbens (NA), and raphe nucleus. The lesioned group demonstrated a reduction in 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), DA, and NE in the mPFC (p < 0.05), and a trend toward reduction of 5-HT in the NA. In comparison with controls, lesioned animals consumed less of all solutions containing sucrose and alcohol. On regression analyses, monoamines in the mPFC (i.e., 5-HIAA, dihydrophenylacetic acid and NE) predicted consumption of the 5% ethanol solution (p = 0.009), 10% ethanol solution (p = 0.0006), and the 5% sucrose solutions (p = 0.0006), but not the 20% sucrose solutions. In each case, monoamine levels were positively correlated with consumption. No relationships were seen between monoamine levels in the NA and raphe, and in consummatory behavior.


Language: en

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