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Journal Article

Citation

Feiring C, Taska L, Lewis M. Dev. Psychol. 2002; 38(1): 79-92.

Affiliation

Department of Psychiatry, New Jersey Medical School, Newark 07107, USA. feirinca@umdnj.edu

Copyright

(Copyright © 2002, American Psychological Association)

DOI

unavailable

PMID

11806704

Abstract

This study examined adjustment following sexual abuse as a function of shame and attributional style. One hundred forty-seven participants (83 children and 64 adolescents) were seen at the time of abuse discovery and again 1 year later. Once adjustment at abuse discovery was accounted for, shame and attribution style explained additional variation in subsequent adjustment, whereas abuse severity did not. A pessimistic attribution style at abuse discovery moderated the relation between severity of abuse and subsequent depressive symptoms and self-esteem. The relations between abuse severity and these outcomes were significant only at high levels of pessimistic attribution style. Of note, patterns of change in shame and attribution predicted which children remained at risk or improved in adjustment. In addition, age and gender differences were found in adjustment over time.


Language: en

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