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Journal Article

Citation

Gard G, Lundborg G. Accid. Anal. Prev. 2000; 32(3): 455-460.

Affiliation

Department of Musculoskeletal Disorders, Lund University, Sweden. gunvor.gard@sjukgym.lu.se

Copyright

(Copyright © 2000, Elsevier Publishing)

DOI

unavailable

PMID

10776864

Abstract

Every year there are thousands of pedestrians in Sweden who are injured because of slippery pavements and roadways. Using an appropriate anti-skid device may reduce the risk of slips and falls on ice and snow. Methods to describe functional problems in walking on different slippery surfaces during winter have been developed as rating scales for evaluating walking safety and walking balance and an observation method to observe posture and movements during walking. Practical tests of all 25 anti-skid devices on the market in Sweden were carried out on different slippery surfaces; gravel, sand, salt, snow and ice. The anti-skid devices were described according to the subjects' perception of walking safety, walking balance and priority for own use. The postures and movements during walking were analysed by an expert physical therapist. The wholefoot device 'studs' was perceived as the best according to walking safety and walking balance and had the highest priority for own use.

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