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Journal Article

Citation

Marmaras N, Poulakakis G, Papakostopoulos V. Appl. Ergon. 1999; 30(4): 361-368.

Affiliation

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Greece. marmaras@central.ntua.gr

Copyright

(Copyright © 1999, Elsevier Publishing)

DOI

unavailable

PMID

10416849

Abstract

Although the science of ergonomics did not actually emerge until the 20th century, there is evidence to suggest that ergonomic principles were in fact known and adhered to 25 centuries ago. The study reported here is a first attempt to research the ergonomics concerns of ancient Greeks, on both a conceptual and a practical level. On the former we present a collection of literature references to the concepts of usability and human-centred design. On the latter, examples of ergonomic design from a variety of fields are analysed. The fields explored here include the design of everyday utensils, the sculpture and manipulation of marble as a building material and the design of theatres. Though hardly exhaustive, these examples serve to demonstrate that the ergonomics principles, in content if not in name, actually emerged a lot earlier than is traditionally thought.


Language: en

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