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Journal Article

Citation

Lusted M, Healey S, Mandryk JA. Appl. Ergon. 1994; 25(5): 275-282.

Affiliation

Department of Occupational Health University of Sydney, Australia; National Institute of Occupational Health and Safety, GPO Box 58, Sydney, NSW 2001, Australia.

Copyright

(Copyright © 1994, Elsevier Publishing)

DOI

unavailable

PMID

15676978

Abstract

In 1985 Qantas Airways (Australia) requested an ergonomics assessment of three pilots' seats so that one could be selected for fitting in all new aircraft as well replacement in existing aircraft. The Ipeco seat was chosen. In 1991, after all aircraft were fitted with the Ipeco seats, the company then requested a further evaluation of the seat to see if it was acceptable to the pilots and if there were any outstanding problems. A seat feature checklist plus a body chart discomfort rating scale was given to the total crew of 1030 pilots. The results from the 202 respondents indicated that although the pilots found the Ipeco seat an improvement on the Weber seat there were some modifications required. The main problems included insufficient adjustment range of the lumbar support area and the thigh supports, and infrequent replacement of the seat cushion. The body charts supported the checklist results in that the main areas of discomfort indicated were the buttocks and low back. Recommendations for improvements in design of the Ipeco seat, training in use and maintenance are presented. The method used in this study has application for field assessment of seating in a wide range of occupations, particularly bus drivers, truck drivers and train drivers, who spend long hours seated without being able to take breaks.


Language: en

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