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Journal Article

Citation

Wu ML, Tsai WJ, Yang CC, Deng JF. Vet. Hum. Toxico. 1998; 40(6): 341-343.

Affiliation

Department of Medicine, Veterans General Hospital-Taipei, Taiwan, Taipei, ROC.

Copyright

(Copyright © 1998, American College of Veterinary Toxicologists)

DOI

unavailable

PMID

9830694

Abstract

Cresol, a commonly used disinfectant, may cause gastrointestinal corrosive injury, central nervous system and cardiovascular disturbances, and renal and hepatic injury following intoxication. We report a case of acute severe cresol poisoning after a suicide attempt with ingestion of a cresol-soap solution used as a toilet disinfectant. A 44-y-old male was found unconscious after ingesting 300 ml of 50% cresol-soap solution. Endotracheal intubation, gastric lavage and activated charcoal were given immediately which reversed his conscious. He had dermal burns, esophageal and gastric erosion, pneumonia, mixed metabolic acidosis and respiratory aklalosis, renal and liver function impairment, leucocytosis and dark urine. Acute renal failure and hemolysis developed, but he recovered after hemodialysis and intensive supportive care. Urine levels of p-cresol, m-cresol, o-cresol and phenol were respectively 2083, 2059, 125 and 68 mg/g creatinine at 7 h post-ingestion. Though the amount cresol claimed ingested by the patient (150 g) far exceeded the reported lethal dose (30-60 g), and multiple complications developed after massive ingestion, this patient recovered. The renal, pulmonary and hematological effects in this patient might have resulted from the direct toxicity of cresol and its metabolites.


Language: en

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