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Journal Article

Citation

Chadov VI, Katuntsev VP, Vorob'ev GF, Iseev LR, Poliakov VN, Filipenkov SN, Skedina MA, Kazakova RT. Aviakosm. Ekolog. Med. 2001; 35(2): 50-53.

Vernacular Title

Profilaktika vysotnoi dekompressionnoi bolezni pri imitatsii vykhodov iz kabiny

Affiliation

Aviakosmicheskaya i Ekologicheskaya Meditsina, Russia.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2001, Institute of Biomedical Problems)

DOI

unavailable

PMID

11496423

Abstract

Based on the proposed semiempiric nomograms, the study was aimed at selection and investigation of normoxic N2-O2 hypobaric atmosphere (HA) at 93-73 kPa, and evaluation of effectiveness of the gas mixture against the altitude decompression sickness (ADS) during 6-hr simulation of extravehicular activities at 37 kPa without prebreathing. Subjects were 22 healthy males from 20 to 50 yr. old. In all, 115 experiments were performed. Twenty-four hours in HA at 93 kPa and subsequent transition to 37 kPa led up to development of ADS symptoms by one subject in one of 27 experiments (3.7%), and emergence of venous gas bubbles (USI) with the intensity of 2, 70, and 19 points by the Spenser scale in 9 experiments (33.3%). Lower HA pressures (86 kPa, 80 kPa and 73 kPa) did not give rise to ADS though the occurrence of venous GB distinctly tended downward (30.6%, 14.3% and 11.8%) and so did the intensity of their entry into the pulmonary circulation (2, 40, 18 points; 1, 80, 19 points, and 2, 00, 15 points, respectively). Minimal ADS risk was observed in HA at 80 kPa and 73 kPa and did not reach 4% at the confidence level of 95%.


Language: ru

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