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Journal Article

Citation

Moriya F, Hashimoto Y. J. Forensic Sci. 1999; 44(6): 1131-1135.

Affiliation

Department of Legal Medicine, Kochi Medical School, Japan.

Copyright

(Copyright © 1999, American Society for Testing and Materials, Publisher John Wiley and Sons)

DOI

unavailable

PMID

10582355

Abstract

This paper describes the tissue distributions of dichlorvos, an organophosphate, chlorpyrifos-methyl, an organophosphorothioate, methomyl, a carbamate, and endrin, an organochlorine, in three individuals (Cases 1-3) who died after ingesting insecticidal preparations containing these chemicals. In Case 1 involving dichlorvos and chlorpyrifos-methyl, no dichlorvos was detected in most of the blood and tissue samples. Tiny amounts of dichlorvos (0.067 mg/L and 0.027 mg/L) were detected in the vitreous humor and cerebrospinal fluid, respectively. The chlorpyrifos-methyl concentrations in the blood samples were very site-dependent with a range of 0.615-2.24 mg/L. The tissue concentrations of chlorpyrifos-methyl were within the range 0.379-8.60 mg/kg. The total amounts of dichlorvos and chlorpyrifos-methyl in the stomach were 879 and 612 mg, respectively. The serum cholinesterase activity was 3 IU/L/37 degrees C. In Case 2 involving methomyl, the methomyl concentrations in the blood samples were very site-dependent with a range of 0.56-4.75 mg/L. The tissue concentrations of methomyl were 2.61 mg/kg or less, no methomyl being detected in the spleen, liver and kidney. The methomyl concentrations in the cerebrospinal fluid and vitreous humor were 5.37 and 4.75 mg/L, respectively. The stomach contained 85 mg methomyl. The serum cholinesterase activity was 73 IU/L/37 degrees C. In Case 3 involving endrin, the victim underwent medical treatment for 7 h after ingesting an endrin preparation. The differences in the endrin concentrations among the blood samples were small, with a range of 0.353-0.615 mg/L. The tissue concentrations of endrin were within the range 0.467-13.3 mg/kg. The endrin in the stomach (66 mg) was adsorbed almost completely on the activated charcoal that was administered for medical treatment.


Language: en

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