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Journal Article

Citation

Jiménez F, Soto JE, Velasco F, Andrade P, Bustamante JJ, Gómez P, Ramírez Y, Carrillo-Ruiz JD. Stereotact. Funct. Neurosurg. 2012; 90(3): 151-160.

Affiliation

Functional Neurosurgery, Stereotactic and Radiosurgery Unit, Anáhuac University, Mexico City, Mexico.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2012, Karger Publishers)

DOI

10.1159/000336746

PMID

22508170

Abstract

Objective: To perform a preliminary study on the effects and safety of bilateral cingulotomy and anterior capsulotomy in patients with aggressive behavior. Patients and Methods: Twenty-three psychiatric patients showing aggressive behavior refractory to conventional treatment were initially evaluated. The subjects were clinically selected using the Overt Aggression Scale (OAS) and the Global Assessment of Functioning Scale (GAF). Each case was carefully reviewed by the Ethics Committee of Mexico's General Hospital. Once selection criteria were met, stereotactic lesions were made using radiofrequency on the anterior limb of the internal capsule and supragenual cingulum. Statistical differences were evaluated with a Wilcoxon test at 6 months and at 4 years. Results: Ten patients underwent surgery. Their OAS and GAF scores decreased after the procedure at the 6-month (p < 0.05) and at the 4-year (p = 0.068) follow-up. Four patients showed mild and transitory postsurgical complications (hyperphagia and somnolence). Conclusions: Bilateral anterior capsulotomy in combination with cingulotomy may reduce aggressive behavior and improve clinical evaluations. Very strict clinical and ethical evaluations were applied prior to considering patients for this treatment.


Language: en

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