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Journal Article

Citation

Scheunert D, Justen R, Herrmann R, Zeidler F, Decker J, Kallina I. Accid. Anal. Prev. 1994; 26(3): 347-360.

Affiliation

Mercedes-Benz AG, Sindelfingen/Germany.

Copyright

(Copyright © 1994, Elsevier Publishing)

DOI

unavailable

PMID

8011047

Abstract

With an increasing number of vehicles satisfying the FMVSS 208 Flat Barrier Impact Test and increasing belt usage, a high reduction of occupant injuries in general and a change from acceleration-induced to intrusion-induced injury mechanisms has been observed in Europe. The significance of intrusion-induced injury mechanisms associated with offset frontal impacts is assuming greater importance. Beginning in 1978, in response to this challenge, Mercedes-Benz has emphasized front structural countermeasures that have been found to be effective in the frequent asymmetrical frontal impacts. As an internal test, an offset impact with 40% overlap against a rigid barrier was defined. The relationship between actual accident frontal-overlap damage and barrier-test overlap values is explored in the paper. The results support the view that if a test of this type and associated design countermeasures were adopted by all vehicle manufacturers, a significant reduction of injuries would take place.

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