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Journal Article

Citation

Yang B, Lin Y, Sun Y. Appl. Ergon. 2013; 44(2): 185-191.

Affiliation

Engineering Research Center of Advanced Lighting Technology, Ministry of Education, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China; Department of Illuminating Engineering & Light Sources, School of Information Science and Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2013, Elsevier Publishing)

DOI

10.1016/j.apergo.2012.07.005

PMID

22858009

Abstract

The aim of this work was to examine how harsh luminous conditions in a cockpit, such as lightning in a thunderstorm or direct sunlight immediately after an aircraft passes through clouds, may affect the visual performance of pilots, and how to improve it. Such lighting conditions can result in the temporary visual impairment of aviators, which may greatly increase the risk of accidents. Tests were carried out in a full-scale simulator cockpit in which two kinds of dynamic lighting scenes, namely pulse changed and step changed lighting, were used to represent harsh luminous conditions. Visual acuity (VA), reaction time (RT) and identification accuracy (IA) were recorded as dependent variables. Data analysis results indicate that standardized VA values decreased significantly in both pulsing and step conditions in comparison with the dark condition. Standardized RT values increased significantly in the step condition; on the contrary, less reaction time was observed in the pulsing condition. Such effects could be reduced by an ambient illumination provided by a fluorescent lamp in both conditions. The results are to be used as a principle for optimizing lighting design with a thunderstorm light.


Language: en

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