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Journal Article

Citation

Savulescu J. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 2006; 1093: 321-338.

Affiliation

Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics, Oxford University, Littlegate House, 87 St. Ebbes St., Oxford OX1 1PT, United Kingdom. Julian.savulescu@philosophy.ox.ac.uk

Copyright

(Copyright © 2006, John Wiley and Sons)

DOI

10.1196/annals.1382.021

PMID

17312266

Abstract

This article begins by considering four traditional definitions of enhancement, then proposes a fifth, the Welfarist definition. It then considers fairness-based objections to enhancement, using the example of performance enhancement in sport. In so doing it defines sport and the values proper to it, surveys alternative theories of justice, considers the natural distribution of capabilities and disabilities, and draws a distinction between social, psychological, and biological enhancement. The article advances a new argument that justice requires enhancement.


Language: en

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