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Journal Article

Citation

Okafor UV. Ren. Fail. 2005; 27(2): 129-134.

Affiliation

University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Enugu State, Nigeria. uvkafor@yahoo.com

Copyright

(Copyright © 2005, Informa - Taylor and Francis Group)

DOI

unavailable

PMID

15807175

Abstract

Lightning strikes cause multimodal injuries in victims, and although the number of deaths due to lightning is reportedly in the area of 1,000 deaths per year, they cause significant morbidity in many others. A major complication of a lightning strike is acute renal failure (ARF). The true incidence of ARF due to lightning injuries worldwide is difficult to ascertain because of significant underreporting, due in large measure to cultural and sociodemographic factors. Its incidence is reportedly rare in some literature and significant in others. However, lightning's potential to cause ARF due to myoglobinuria has been noted by many authors. Prompt treatment of myoglobinuric patients prevents the development of ARF. ARF due to direct organ damage by lightning is virtually unheard of. In this article, the current mechanisms of lightning injuries leading to muscle damage, myoglobinuria, and subsequent ARF are discussed, as well as signs and symptoms, laboratory investigations, and patient management.


Language: en

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