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Journal Article


Subady BN, Assanangkornchai S, Chongsuvivatwong V. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2013; 32(4): 435-442.


Tashiyangtse District Hospital, Dzongkhag Administration, Trashiyangtse, Bhutan.


(Copyright © 2013, John Wiley and Sons)






INTRODUCTION AND AIMS.: South Asian countries, with their diverse cultures, have varying prevalences of alcohol consumption. Little is known about Bhutan, a Himalayan country. The objectives of this study are to estimate the prevalence of alcohol consumption among the residents of a rural community in Bhutan and determine their patterns of and factors associated with drinking. DESIGN AND METHODS.: A cross-sectional household survey using a multistage systematic sampling technique was conducted in eight sub-districts of Tashiyangtse. A total of 442 subjects of 270 households were surveyed in 17 villages using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), with the tri-level method and face-to-face interviews. RESULTS.: The drinking prevalence (at least one standard drink in the past year) was 38.5% (52% in men and 30% in women). The prevalence of low-, moderate- and high-risk drinking based on the AUDIT was 22.4%, 13.6% and 2.5%, respectively. Annual per capita alcohol consumption was 5442 and 2566 g in men and women, respectively, while the corresponding values of home-made alcohol consumption were 3768 and 2127 g, respectively. Among drinkers, 30.3% of men and 25.9% of women reported encountering financial consequences. The home was almost the exclusive drinking venue (92.4%). Belief in the medicinal use of alcohol was 34.8% in men and 58% in women as the reason to start drinking. This belief was a strong independent predictor for current drinking after adjustment for age and sex. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS.: Home-made alcohol and home drinking with a belief of medicinal effects were the major cause of drinking and its consequences in the study area.

Language: en


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