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Journal Article

Citation

Albouy G, Fogel SM, Pottiez H, Nguyen VA, Ray L, Lungu O, Carrier J, Robertson E, Doyon J. PLoS One 2013; 8(1): e52805.

Affiliation

Functional Neuroimaging Unit, C.R.I.U.G.M., Montreal, Canada ; Psychology Department, University of Montreal, Montreal, Canada.

Copyright

(Copyright © 2013, Public Library of Science)

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0052805

PMID

23300993

Abstract

Motor sequence learning is known to rely on more than a single process. As the skill develops with practice, two different representations of the sequence are formed: a goal representation built under spatial allocentric coordinates and a movement representation mediated through egocentric motor coordinates. This study aimed to explore the influence of daytime sleep (nap) on consolidation of these two representations. Through the manipulation of an explicit finger sequence learning task and a transfer protocol, we show that both allocentric (spatial) and egocentric (motor) representations of the sequence can be isolated after initial training. Our results also demonstrate that nap favors the emergence of offline gains in performance for the allocentric, but not the egocentric representation, even after accounting for fatigue effects. Furthermore, sleep-dependent gains in performance observed for the allocentric representation are correlated with spindle density during non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep of the post-training nap. In contrast, performance on the egocentric representation is only maintained, but not improved, regardless of the sleep/wake condition. These results suggest that motor sequence memory acquisition and consolidation involve distinct mechanisms that rely on sleep (and specifically, spindle) or simple passage of time, depending respectively on whether the sequence is performed under allocentric or egocentric coordinates.


Language: en

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